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GrafTech Reports First Quarter 2022 Results

EAF

Solid Execution and Favorable Industry Demand Trends Drive Strong Results

GrafTech International Ltd. (NYSE: EAF) ("GrafTech" or the "Company") today announced financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2022.

First Quarter 2022 Highlights

  • Net income of $124 million, or $0.47 per share, and adjusted earnings per share(1)(2) of $0.48
  • Adjusted EBITDA(1) of $170 million, for a 46% adjusted EBITDA margin(3)
  • Sales volume of 43 thousand metric tons ("MT") increased 16% compared to the first quarter of 2021
  • Production volume of 46 thousand MT increased 28% compared to the first quarter of 2021
  • Generated cash flow from operating activities of $146 million, a 20% increase compared to the first quarter of 2021
  • Strengthened the balance sheet further by reducing debt by $70 million
  • Repurchased an aggregate of $30 million of our common stock

CEO Comments

"We are pleased with our first quarter performance as we continue to execute and deliver strong financial results while navigating a challenging operating environment," said David Rintoul, Chief Executive Officer and President. “Pricing trends continued to improve in the first quarter of 2022, following a strong finish to 2021. Our average non-LTA graphite electrode price was just over $6,000 per metric ton, consistent with our expectations, and up 19% sequentially from the fourth quarter. We also experienced strong year-over-year improvement in sales volume, production volume and capacity utilization."

“Maintaining a strong capital structure continues to be a priority for GrafTech. During the first quarter, we generated robust cash flow and reduced our debt by $70 million, further strengthening our balance sheet. At the same time, we returned $30 million to our stockholders through the repurchase of common stock."

"We are proud of the continued progress we are making with our sustainability efforts across the organization. These include capital projects to improve our environmental footprint and the establishment of key environmental goals, which includes targeting a meaningful reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Electric arc furnaces play a critical role in helping the steel industry reduce its impact on the environment and our sustainability initiatives will further strengthen our ability to support the decarbonization of steel production."

First Quarter 2022 Financial Performance

(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

Q1 2022

Q4 2021

Q1 2021

Net sales

$

366,245

$

363,293

$

304,397

Net income

$

124,183

$

141,480

$

98,799

Earnings per share (EPS)(2)

$

0.47

$

0.54

$

0.37

Cash flow from operating activities

$

146,316

$

100,029

$

122,425

Adjusted net income(1)

$

125,920

$

131,180

$

99,880

Adjusted EPS(1)(2)

$

0.48

$

0.50

$

0.37

Adjusted EBITDA(1)

$

169,600

$

182,817

$

155,045

Adjusted free cash flow(4)

$

129,904

$

86,857

$

108,251

Net sales for the first quarter of 2022 were $366 million, an increase of 20% compared to $304 million in the first quarter of 2021, reflecting higher sales volume and improved pricing.

Net income for the first quarter of 2022 was $124 million, or $0.47 per share, compared to $99 million, or $0.37 per share, in the first quarter of 2021. Adjusted EBITDA(1) was $170 million in the first quarter of 2022, an increase of 9% compared to the same period of 2021, and adjusted EBITDA margin(3) was 46%.

In the first quarter of 2022, cash flow from operating activities was $146 million and adjusted free cash flow(4) was $130 million, with both measures increasing 20% compared to the same period of 2021. For the first quarter of 2022, 77% of adjusted EBITDA(1) was converted to adjusted free cash flow(5).

Operational and Commercial Update

Key operating metrics

(in thousands, except percentages)

Q1 2022

Q4 2021

Q1 2021

Sales volume (MT)(6)

43

44

37

Production volume (MT)(7)

46

46

36

Total production capacity (MT)(8)(9)

58

59

58

Total capacity utilization(9)(10)

79

%

78

%

62

%

Production capacity excluding St. Marys (MT)(8)(11)

51

52

51

Capacity utilization excluding St. Marys(10)(11)

90

%

88

%

71

%

GrafTech reported solid sales volume of 43 thousand MT in the first quarter of 2022, an increase of 16% compared to the first quarter of 2021, consisting of 25 thousand MT of volume derived from our take-or-pay agreements that had initial terms of three-to-five years("LTA") and 18 thousand MT of non-LTA volume.

For the first quarter of 2022, the average realized price for our LTA volume was nearly $9,600 per MT. For our non-LTA volume, the average realized price for graphite electrodes delivered and recognized in revenue in the first quarter of 2022 was just over $6,000 per MT, an increase of over 19% compared to the average non-LTA price for the fourth quarter of 2021.

Production volume increased to 46 thousand MT in the first quarter of 2022, a 28% increase compared to the first quarter of 2021.

Globally, steel market capacity utilization rates continue to be strong:

Q1 2022

Q4 2021

Q1 2021

Global (ex-China) capacity utilization rate(12)

72

%

75

%

73

%

U.S. steel market capacity utilization rate(13)

81

%

83

%

77

%

The estimated shipments of graphite electrodes under LTAs for 2022 through 2024 have been updated as follows:

2022

2023 through 2024

Estimated LTA volume (in thousands of MT)

90-100

40-50

Estimated LTA revenue (in millions)

$860-$960

$400-$500(14)

As it relates to the conflict between Ukraine and Russia, we have provided force majeure notices with respect to certain LTAs serving customers in Russia.

Capital Structure and Capital Allocation

As of March 31, 2022, GrafTech had cash and cash equivalents of $85 million and total debt of approximately $961 million. We continue to make progress in reducing our long-term debt, repaying $70 million in the first quarter of 2022. In addition, during the first quarter of 2022, we repurchased 3.0 million shares of our common stock at an average price of $9.88 per share for an aggregate of $30 million.

We continue to expect full-year capital expenditures to be in the range of $70 to $80 million in 2022.

Outlook

While the near-term operating environment remains dynamic, the overall fundamentals in the steel industry are strong. Given solid steel market capacity utilization rates, particularly in North America, and industry efforts to decarbonize, we believe that demand for graphite electrodes will continue to increase.

We also anticipate the demand for petroleum needle coke, a key raw material used to produce graphite electrodes, will continue to expand rapidly given its use in lithium-ion batteries for the fast-growing electric vehicle market. As such, our ability to deliver high-quality graphite electrodes to our customers, while capitalizing on our low-cost structure and our substantial vertical integration into petroleum needle coke, provides us a sustainable competitive advantage. For these reasons, we believe GrafTech is well-positioned to benefit from these positive industry trends as we progress through 2022 and beyond.

Conference Call Information

In connection with this earnings release, you are invited to listen to our earnings call being held on May 6, 2022 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The webcast and accompanying slide presentation will be available on our investor relations website at: http://ir.graftech.com. The earnings call dial-in number is +1 (833) 968-2275 toll-free in the U.S. and Canada or +1 (236) 714-2979 for overseas calls, conference ID: 8073706. Archived replays of the conference call and webcast will be made available on our investor relations website at: http://ir.graftech.com. GrafTech also makes its complete financial reports that have been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and other information available at: www.GrafTech.com. The information on our website is not part of this release or any report we file or furnish to the SEC.

About GrafTech

GrafTech International Ltd. is a leading manufacturer of high-quality graphite electrode products essential to the production of electric arc furnace steel and other ferrous and non-ferrous metals. The Company has a competitive portfolio of low-cost, ultra-high power graphite electrode manufacturing facilities, including three of the highest capacity facilities in the world. We are the only large-scale graphite electrode producer that is substantially vertically integrated into petroleum needle coke, a key raw material for graphite electrode manufacturing. This unique position provides competitive advantages in product quality and cost.

________________________

(1)

A non-GAAP financial measure, see below for more information and a reconciliation of EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted net income to net income, and adjusted EPS to EPS, the most directly comparable financial measures calculated and presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP").

(2)

Earnings per share represents diluted earnings per share. Adjusted earnings per share represents diluted adjusted earnings per share.

(3)

Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated as adjusted EBITDA divided by net sales (Q1 2022 adjusted EBITDA of $170 million/Q1 2022 net sales of $366 million).

(4)

A non-GAAP financial measure, see below for more information and a reconciliation of adjusted free cash flow and free cash flow to cash flow from operating activities, the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.

(5)

Adjusted free cash flow conversion is calculated as adjusted free cash flow divided by adjusted EBITDA (Q1 2022 adjusted free cash flow of $130 million/Q1 2022 adjusted EBITDA of $170 million).

(6)

Sales volume reflects only graphite electrodes manufactured by us.

(7)

Production volume reflects graphite electrodes we produced during the period.

(8)

Production capacity reflects expected maximum production volume during the period depending on product mix and expected maintenance outage. Actual production may vary.

(9)

Includes graphite electrode facilities in Calais, France; Monterrey, Mexico; Pamplona, Spain; and St. Marys, Pennsylvania.

(10)

Capacity utilization reflects production volume as a percentage of production capacity.

(11)

In the first quarter of 2018, our St. Marys, Pennsylvania facility began graphitizing a limited number of electrodes sourced from our Monterrey, Mexico facility.

(12)

Source: World Steel Association, Metal Expert, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and GrafTech analysis.

(13)

Source: American Iron and Steel Institute.

(14)

Includes expected termination fees from a few customers that have failed to meet certain obligations under their LTAs.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release and related discussions may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements reflect our current views with respect to, among other things, financial projections, plans and objectives of management for future operations, and future economic performance. Examples of forward-looking statements include, among others, statements we make regarding future estimated revenues and volumes derived from our take-or-pay agreements that had initial terms of three-to-five years ("LTA"), future pricing of short-term agreements and spot sales ("Non-LTA"), anticipated levels of capital expenditures, and guidance relating to earnings per share and adjusted EBITDA. You can identify these forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking words such as “will,” “may,” “plan,” “estimate,” “project,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “foresee,” “intend,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “target,” “goal,” “continue to,” “positioned to,” “are confident,” or the negative versions of those words or other comparable words. Any forward-looking statements contained in this press release are based upon our historical performance and on our current plans, estimates and expectations considering information currently available to us. The inclusion of this forward-looking information should not be regarded as a representation by us that the future plans, estimates, or expectations contemplated by us will be achieved. Our expectations and targets are not predictions of actual performance and historically our performance has deviated, often significantly, from our expectations and targets. These forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties and assumptions relating to our operations, financial results, financial condition, business, prospects, growth strategy and liquidity. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. We believe that these factors include, but are not limited to: the ultimate impact the COVID-19 pandemic has on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows, including the duration and spread of any variants, the duration and scope of related government orders and restrictions, the impact on our employees, and the disruptions and inefficiencies in our supply chain; the ultimate impact the conflict between Russia and Ukraine has on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows, including the duration and scope of such conflict, its impact on disruptions and inefficiencies in our supply chain and our ability to procure certain raw materials; the possibility that we may be unable to implement our business strategies, including our ability to secure and maintain longer-term customer contracts, in an effective manner; the cyclical nature of our business and the selling prices of our products, which may decline in the future, may lead to periods of reduced profitability and net losses in the future; the impact of inflation and our ability to mitigate the effect on our costs; the risks and uncertainties associated with litigation, arbitration, and like disputes, including disputes related to contractual commitments; the possibility that global graphite electrode overcapacity may adversely affect graphite electrode prices; our dependence on the global steel industry generally and the electric arc furnace steel industry in particular; the sensitivity of our business and operating results to economic conditions and the possibility others may not be able to fulfill their obligations to us in a timely fashion or at all; the competitiveness of the graphite electrode industry; our dependence on the supply of raw materials, including decant oil, petroleum needle coke, and energy, and disruptions in supply chains for these materials; our manufacturing operations are subject to hazards; changes in, or more stringent enforcement of, health, safety and environmental regulations applicable to our manufacturing operations and facilities; the legal, compliance, economic, social and political risks associated with our substantial operations in multiple countries; the possibility that fluctuation of foreign currency exchange rates could materially harm our financial results; the possibility that our results of operations could deteriorate if our manufacturing operations were substantially disrupted for an extended period, including as a result of equipment failure, climate change, regulatory issues, natural disasters, public health crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, political crises or other catastrophic events; our dependence on third parties for certain construction, maintenance, engineering, transportation, warehousing and logistics services; the possibility that we are unable to recruit or retain key management and plant operating personnel or successfully negotiate with the representatives of our employees, including labor unions; the sensitivity of goodwill on our balance sheet to changes in the market; the possibility that we are subject to information technology systems failures, cybersecurity attacks, network disruptions and breaches of data security; our dependence on protecting our intellectual property and the possibility that third parties may claim that our products or processes infringe their intellectual property rights; the possibility that our indebtedness could limit our financial and operating activities or that our cash flows may not be sufficient to service our indebtedness; the possibility that restrictive covenants in our financing agreements could restrict or limit our operations; the fact that borrowings under certain of our existing financing agreements subject us to interest rate risk; the possibility that disruptions in the capital and credit markets could adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition, or those of our customers and suppliers; the possibility that the market price of our common stock could be negatively affected by sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public markets, including by Brookfield Asset Management Inc. and its affiliates ("Brookfield"); the possibility that we may not pay cash dividends on our common stock in the future; and the fact that our stockholders have the right to engage or invest in the same or similar businesses as us.

These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the Risk Factors and other cautionary statements that are included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and other filings with the SEC. The forward-looking statements made in this press release relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made. Except as required by law, we do not undertake any obligation to publicly update or review any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to providing results that are determined in accordance with GAAP, we have provided certain financial measures that are not in accordance with GAAP. EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income, adjusted EPS, free cash flow, adjusted free cash flow, and adjusted free cash flow conversion are non-GAAP financial measures.

We define EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, as net income or loss plus interest expense, minus interest income, plus income taxes and depreciation and amortization. We define adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA plus any pension and other post-employment benefit ("OPEB") plan expenses, adjustments for public offerings and related expenses, non-cash gains or losses from foreign currency remeasurement of non-operating assets and liabilities in our foreign subsidiaries where the functional currency is the U.S. dollar, stock-based compensation expense, non-cash fixed asset write-offs, related party payable - Tax Receivable Agreement adjustments and value-added tax credit gains in Brazil. Adjusted EBITDA is the primary metric used by our management and our Board of Directors to establish budgets and operational goals for managing our business and evaluating our performance.

We monitor adjusted EBITDA as a supplement to our GAAP measures, and believe it is useful to present to investors, because we believe that it facilitates evaluation of our period-to-period operating performance by eliminating items that are not operational in nature, allowing comparison of our recurring core business operating results over multiple periods unaffected by differences in capital structure, capital investment cycles and fixed asset base. Adjusted EBITDA margin is also a non-GAAP financial measure used by our management and our Board of Directors as supplemental information to assess the Company’s operational performance and is calculated as adjusted EBITDA divided by net sales. In addition, we believe adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin and similar measures are widely used by investors, securities analysts, ratings agencies, and other parties in evaluating companies in our industry as a measure of financial performance and debt-service capabilities. We also monitor the ratio of total debt to trailing twelve month adjusted EBITDA, because we believe it is a useful and widely used way to assess our leverage.

Our use of adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:

  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our cash expenditures for capital equipment or other contractual commitments, including any capital expenditure requirements to augment or replace our capital assets;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the interest expense or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments on our indebtedness;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect tax payments that may represent a reduction in cash available to us;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect expenses relating to our pension and OPEB plans;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the non-cash gains or losses from foreign currency remeasurement of non-operating assets and liabilities in our foreign subsidiaries where the functional currency is the U.S. dollar;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect public offerings and related expenses;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect related party payable - Tax Receivable Agreement adjustments;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect stock-based compensation expense or the non-cash write-off of fixed assets;
  • adjusted EBITDA does not reflect gains on a value-added tax matter in Brazil; and
  • other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin differently, which reduces its usefulness as a comparative measure.

We define adjusted net income, a non-GAAP financial measure, as net income or loss, excluding the items used to calculate adjusted EBITDA, less the tax effect of those adjustments. We define adjusted EPS, a non-GAAP financial measure, as adjusted net income divided by the weighted average diluted common shares outstanding during the period. We believe adjusted net income and adjusted EPS are useful to present to investors because we believe that they assist investors’ understanding of the underlying operational profitability of the Company.

Free cash flow and adjusted free cash flow, non-GAAP financial measures, are metrics used by our management and our Board of Directors to analyze cash flows generated from operations. We define free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures. We define adjusted free cash flow as free cash flow adjusted by payments of the Change in Control charges that were triggered as a result of the ownership of our largest stockholder falling below 30% of our total outstanding shares. We believe these free cash flow metrics are useful to present to investors because we believe that they facilitate comparison of the Company’s performance with its competitors. Adjusted free cash flow conversion is also a non-GAAP financial measure used by our management and our Board of Directors as supplemental information to evaluate the Company’s ability to convert earnings from our operational performance to cash. We calculate adjusted free cash flow conversion as adjusted free cash flow divided by adjusted EBITDA. For purposes of this section, a "Change in Control" occurred when Brookfield and any affiliates thereof ceased to own stock of the Company that constitutes at least thirty percent (30%) or thirty-five percent (35%), as applicable, of the total fair market value or total voting power of the stock of the Company.

In evaluating EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income, adjusted EPS, free cash flow, adjusted free cash flow and adjusted free cash flow conversion, you should be aware that in the future, we will incur expenses similar to the adjustments in the reconciliations presented below. Our presentations of EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income, adjusted EPS, free cash flow, adjusted free cash flow and adjusted free cash flow conversion should not be construed as suggesting that our future results will be unaffected by these expenses or any unusual or non-recurring items. When evaluating our performance, you should consider EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA margin, adjusted net income, adjusted EPS, free cash flow, adjusted free cash flow and adjusted free cash flow conversion alongside other measures of financial performance and liquidity, including our net income, EPS and cash flow from operating activities, respectively, and other GAAP measures.

GRAFTECH INTERNATIONAL LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

As of
March 31,
2022

As of

December 31, 2021

ASSETS

Current assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

85,053

$

57,514

Accounts and notes receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $8,018 as of December 31, 2022 and $6,835 as of December 31, 2021

213,280

207,547

Inventories

318,058

289,432

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

86,538

73,364

Total current assets

702,929

627,857

Property, plant and equipment

819,163

815,298

Less: accumulated depreciation

323,801

313,825

Net property, plant and equipment

495,362

501,473

Deferred income taxes

23,464

26,187

Goodwill

171,117

171,117

Other assets

90,932

85,684

Total assets

$

1,483,804

$

1,412,318

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

123,381

$

117,112

Short-term debt

125

127

Accrued income and other taxes

42,029

57,097

Other accrued liabilities

97,456

56,405

Related party payable - Tax Receivable Agreement

4,481

3,828

Total current liabilities

267,472

234,569

Long-term debt

961,324

1,029,561

Other long-term obligations

66,296

68,657

Deferred income taxes

42,334

40,674

Related party payable - Tax Receivable Agreement long-term

10,973

15,455

Stockholders’ equity:

Preferred stock, par value $0.01, 300,000,000 shares authorized, none issued

Common stock, par value $0.01, 3,000,000,000 shares authorized, 260,222,585 and 263,255,708 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively

2,602

2,633

Additional paid-in capital

753,509

761,412

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

12,541

(7,444

)

Accumulated deficit

(633,247

)

(733,199

)

Total stockholders’ equity

135,405

23,402

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

1,483,804

$

1,412,318

GRAFTECH INTERNATIONAL LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

For the Three Months

Ended March 31,

2022

2021

Net sales

$

366,245

$

304,397

Cost of sales

191,214

146,396

Gross profit

175,031

158,001

Research and development

880

969

Selling and administrative expenses

21,254

20,153

Operating income

152,897

136,879

Other income, net

(197

)

(307

)

Interest expense

9,212

22,167

Interest income

(98

)

(37

)

Income before provision for income taxes

143,980

115,056

Provision for income taxes

19,797

16,257

Net income

$

124,183

$

98,799

Basic income per common share:

Net income per share

$

0.47

$

0.37

Weighted average common shares outstanding

262,592,029

267,318,860

Diluted income per common share:

Net income per share

$

0.47

$

0.37

Weighted average common shares outstanding

262,657,799

267,465,319

GRAFTECH INTERNATIONAL LTD. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Dollars in thousands)

(Unaudited)

For the Three Months Ended

March 31,

2022

2021

Cash flow from operating activities:

Net income

$

124,183

$

98,799

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operations:

Depreciation and amortization

14,434

16,539

Deferred income tax provision

1,395

(2,840

)

Non-cash stock-based compensation expense

465

767

Non-cash interest expense

(2,146

)

5,309

Other adjustments

403

1,582

Net change in working capital*

12,590

25,187

Change in related party Tax Receivable Agreement

(3,828

)

(21,752

)

Change in long-term assets and liabilities

(1,180

)

(1,166

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

146,316

122,425

Cash flow from investing activities:

Capital expenditures

(16,855

)

(14,174

)

Proceeds from the sale of fixed assets

73

151

Net cash used in investing activities

(16,782

)

(14,023

)

Cash flow from financing activities:

Debt issuance and modification costs

(2,971

)

Principal payments on long-term debt

(70,000

)

(150,000

)

Repurchase of common stock - non-related party

(30,000

)

Payments for taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards

(230

)

(273

)

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

225

Dividends paid to non-related party

(1,985

)

(1,394

)

Dividends paid to related party

(640

)

(1,277

)

Interest rate swap settlements

(887

)

(847

)

Net cash used in financing activities

(103,517

)

(156,762

)

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

26,017

(48,360

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

1,522

(636

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

57,514

145,442

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

85,053

$

96,446

* Net change in working capital due to changes in the following components:

Accounts and notes receivable, net

$

(1,221

)

$

(16,643

)

Inventories

(24,215

)

11,648

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

(5,298

)

(1,510

)

Income taxes payable

(19,419

)

(18,368

)

Accounts payable and accruals

56,958

44,333

Interest payable

5,785

5,727

Net change in working capital

$

12,590

$

25,187

NON-GAAP RECONCILIATION

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

The following table reconciles our non-GAAP key financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures:

Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted Net Income

Q1 2022

Q4 2021

Q1 2021

Net income

$

124,183

$

141,480

$

98,799

Diluted income per common share:

Net income per share

$

0.47

$

0.54

$

0.37

Weighted average shares outstanding

262,657,799

263,516,311

267,465,319

Adjustments, pre-tax:

Pension and OPEB plan expenses (benefits)(1)

551

(3,840

)

431

Public offerings and related expenses(2)

422

Non-cash losses (gains) on foreign currency remeasurement(3)

1,236

(484

)

(348

)

Stock-based compensation expense(4)

465

337

768

Non-cash fixed asset write-off (5)

2,884

Related party payable - Tax Receivable Agreement adjustment(6)

(180

)

184

47

Brazil value-added tax credit(7)

(11,511

)

Total non-GAAP adjustments pre-tax

2,072

(12,430

)

1,320

Income tax impact on non-GAAP adjustments(8)

335

(2,130

)

239

Adjusted net income

$

125,920

$

131,180

$

99,880

(1)

Net periodic benefit cost (credit) for our pension and OPEB plans, including a mark-to-market (gain) loss, representing actuarial gains and losses that result from the remeasurement of plan assets and obligations due to changes in assumptions or experience. We recognize in earnings the actuarial gains and losses in connection with the annual remeasurement in the fourth quarter of each year.

(2)

Legal, accounting, printing and registration fees associated with the public offerings and related expenses.

(3)

Non-cash (gains) losses from foreign currency remeasurement of non-operating assets and liabilities of our non-U.S. subsidiaries where the functional currency is the U.S. dollar.

(4)

Non-cash expense for stock-based compensation grants.

(5)

Non-cash fixed asset write-off recorded for obsolete assets.

(6)

Non-cash expense adjustment for future payment to our sole pre-IPO stockholder for tax assets that are expected to be utilized.

(7)

Gain from the settlement of a value-added tax matter in Brazil.

(8)

The tax impact on the non-GAAP adjustments is affected by their tax deductibility and the applicable jurisdictional tax rates.

NON-GAAP RECONCILIATION

The following table reconciles our non-GAAP key financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures:

Reconciliation of EPS to Adjusted EPS

Q1 2022

Q4 2021

Q1 2021

EPS

$

0.47

$

0.54

$

0.37

Adjustments per share:

Pension and OPEB plan expenses (benefits)(1)

(0.02

)

Public offerings and related expenses(2)

Non-cash losses (gains) on foreign currency remeasurement(3)

0.01

Stock-based compensation expense(4)

Non-cash fixed asset write-off (5)

0.01

Related party payable - Tax Receivable Agreement adjustment(6)

Brazil value-added tax credit(7)

(0.04

)

Total non-GAAP adjustments pre-tax per share

0.01

(0.05

)

Income tax impact on non-GAAP adjustments per share(8)

(0.01

)

Adjusted EPS

$

0.48

$

0.50

$

0.37

(1)

Net periodic benefit cost (credit) for our pension and OPEB plans, including a mark-to-market (gain) loss, representing actuarial gains and losses that result from the remeasurement of plan assets and obligations due to changes in assumptions or experience. We recognize in earnings the actuarial gains and losses in connection with the annual remeasurement in the fourth quarter of each year.

(2)

Legal, accounting, printing and registration fees associated with the public offerings and related expenses.

(3)

Non-cash (gains) losses from foreign currency remeasurement of non-operating assets and liabilities of our non-U.S. subsidiaries where the functional currency is the U.S. dollar.

(4)

Non-cash expense for stock-based compensation grants.

(5)

Non-cash fixed asset write-off recorded for obsolete assets.

(6)

Non-cash expense adjustment for future payment to our sole pre-IPO stockholder for tax assets that are expected to be utilized.

(7)

Gain from the settlement of a value-added tax matter in Brazil.

(8)

The tax impact on the non-GAAP adjustments is affected by their tax deductibility and the applicable jurisdictional tax rates.

NON-GAAP RECONCILIATION

(Dollars in thousands)

The following table reconciles our non-GAAP key financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures:

Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA

Q1 2022

Q4 2021

Q1 2021

Net income

$

124,183

$

141,480

$

98,799

Add:

Depreciation and amortization

14,434

17,301

16,539

Interest expense

9,212

14,551

22,167

Interest income

(98

)

(219

)

(37

)

Income taxes

19,797

22,134

16,257

EBITDA

167,528

195,247

153,725

Adjustments:

Pension and OPEB plan expenses (benefits)(1)

551

(3,840

)

431

Public offerings and related expenses(2)

422

Non-cash losses (gains) on foreign currency remeasurement(3)

1,236

(484

)

(348

)

Stock-based compensation expense(4)

465

337

768

Non-cash fixed asset write-off (5)

2,884

Related party payable - Tax Receivable Agreement adjustment(6)

(180

)

184

47

Brazil value-added tax credit(7)

(11,511

)

Adjusted EBITDA

$

169,600

$

182,817

$

155,045

(1)

Net periodic benefit cost (credit) for our pension and OPEB plans, including a mark-to-market (gain) loss, representing actuarial gains and losses that result from the remeasurement of plan assets and obligations due to changes in assumptions or experience. We recognize in earnings the actuarial gains and losses in connection with the annual remeasurement in the fourth quarter of each year.

(2)

Legal, accounting, printing and registration fees associated with the public offerings and related expenses.

(3)

Non-cash (gains) losses from foreign currency remeasurement of non-operating assets and liabilities of our non-U.S. subsidiaries where the functional currency is the U.S. dollar.

(4)

Non-cash expense for stock-based compensation grants.

(5)

Non-cash fixed asset write-off recorded for obsolete assets.

(6)

Non-cash expense adjustment for future payment to our sole pre-IPO stockholder for tax assets that are expected to be utilized.

(7)

Gain from the settlement of a value-added tax matter in Brazil.

NON-GAAP RECONCILIATION

(Dollars in thousands)

The following table reconciles our non-GAAP key financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures:

Reconciliation of Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities to Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Free Cash Flow

Q1 2022

Q4 2021

Q1 2021

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

146,316

$

100,029

$

122,425

Capital expenditures

(16,855

)

(17,831

)

(14,174

)

Free cash flow

129,461

82,198

108,251

Change in control payment(1)

443

4,659

Adjusted free cash flow

$

129,904

$

86,857

$

108,251

(1)

In the second quarter of 2021, we incurred pre-tax Change in Control charges of $88 million as a result of the ownership of our largest stockholder, Brookfield, moving below 30% of our total shares outstanding. Of the $88 million in pre-tax Change in Control charges, $73 million are cash and $15 million are non-cash. An aggregate of $72 million of the cash charges have been paid through the first quarter of 2022 and an additional $1 million will be paid in subsequent quarters, as a result of the timing of related payroll tax payments.