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Avrupa Minerals Options Alvalade VMS Project to Trafigura-Mubadala JV Company

Streetwise Reports, Streetwise Reports
0 Comments| October 8, 2019

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The Critical Investor digs into what the proposed joint venture means for this junior project generator.


Despite being a hybrid prospect generator, meaning self-funding projects and also being funded by joint venture (JV) partners, Avrupa Minerals Ltd. (AVU:TSX.V; AVPMF:OTC; 8AM:FSE) has finally succeeded in signing a nonbinding letter of intent (LOI), on Oct. 1, for a nice JV deal on its Alvalade project in Portugal. The deal is with a Spanish private mining company called Minas de Aguas Teñidas, S.A.U. (MATSA), owned in joint venture by juggernauts Mubadala and Trafigura.

This is an important development, as Avrupa wasn't exactly in the position to raise enough cash to drill out Alvalade themselves, as management estimated the costs of a decent program on all targets at about CA$10 million (CA$10M). The new JV doesn't provide this amount of financial budget either, but the initial CA$2.4M is enough for a solid start, and prevents a lot of dilution for Avrupa, whose market cap has gone down to a very tiny CA$3.3M. A financing of that size would have added 73% dilution.

Share price; 3-year time frame

After a decent start to 2019, with encouraging drill results, the company has had to wait for a new exploration permit, which is taking longer than expected. Also, the general base metal sentiment went down as the US-China trade war intensified and the global economy started lagging, making things difficult for Avrupa on the financing front. However, with this latest deal, if finalized, and with the permit hopefully being granted soon, the company can continue at full speed, at least for 2020. Let's look into this JV in some more detail.

Avrupa Minerals has signed a LOI with MATSA to form an earn-in exploration and exploitation joint venture on its Alvalade copper-zinc massive sulfide project in the Iberian pyrite belt of southern Portugal. MATSA isn't just your average Spanish company, as it is a 50:50 joint venture company of powerhouses Mubadala Investment Company, a very large Abu Dhabi-based global investment company with US$400 billion in assets, and Trafigura, one of the world's leading independent and privately owned commodity trading and logistics houses, with an annual turnover of US$180 billion. MATSA owns and operates three mines in the province of Huelva (Andalusia, Spain), and holds 1,000 square kilometers of exploration licenses in the Iberian pyrite belt.

Management told me they have known MATSA for at least five years, having them coming over as early as in 2014 to check out projects for a potential JV at the time, to no avail. After the Sesmarias drill results came out earlier this year, they contacted CEO Paul Kuhn in April and showed new interest. Completion of technical and financial due diligence resulted in the latest announcement.

At the moment, according to management, the companies are working together to complete a definitive agreement in the next few weeks, along with the formation of a new JV entity Newco, and the accompanying shareholders' agreement for Newco.

The most important highlights of the JV are:

  • Minas de Aguas Teñidas, S.A.U. (MATSA) operates three copper-zinc mines in the Iberian pyrite belt.
  • MATSA can earn-in to 51% of the Alvalade Project by spending 2.4 million euros and by paying Avrupa 400,000 euros.
  • MATSA can earn-in to 85% by providing a bankable feasibility study (BFS) on any one prospect and by making all required success payments to the original joint venture partner.

As recent drilling at the Sesmarias copper-zinc project, being part of Alvalade, demonstrated potential robustness of massive sulfide mineralization, the JV is focusing on this area before considering other potential targets around the license.

As a reminder, a very interesting hole, SES026, indicated ongoing mineralization along strike for the important 10 Lens (called 10 Horizon in the picture).

  • SES026 intercepted 28.95 meters of 0.48% copper, 0.77 g/t gold, 15.7 ppm silver, 0.52% lead and 1.31% zinc (resulting in a CuEq grade of 1.86%), and extended the 10 Lens by 300 meters to the north from previous drilling.

The 10 Lens is now at 600 meters x 300 meters x 25 meters. These dimensions generate 4.5 million cubic meters, which in turn result into 18 million tonnes (18Mt) when using a conservative gravity of 4 tonnes (t)/cubic meter (m3). Average gravity is estimated by management to be ranging from 4 to 4.4t/m3. Using a midpoint would render 18.9Mt, which is closing in on the minimum target of 25Mt.

For MATSA, the aim of the first stage of the joint venture is to delineate a deposit at Sesmarias and/or at any one of a number of other mineralized targets located within the boundaries of the Alvalade License, including at the past-producing Lousal Mine, at Monte da Bela Vista, and at the past-producing Caveira Mine. In addition to these mineral zones, Avrupa has defined a number of other drill-ready targets within the license boundaries. As all-in drilling costs are estimated by management at 300 euro/m (CA$430/m), 2M euros would be sufficient to fund 6,700 meters. This should be enough to get enough data to prepare a maiden NI 43-101 resource on Sesmarias. It will be clear that all other targets will require additional funding from MATSA.

According to the news release, the LOI includes the following terms:

  • "In order to acquire a 51% interest in Newco—'The Experimental Exploitation Phase':
    1. MATSA must provide to Avrupa 400,000 euros (approximately CA$580,000) payment upon signing of the Definitive Agreement.
    2. MATSA must provide the required work commitment guarantee of 240,000 euros (approximately CA$348,000) upon issuance of the new Alvalade Experimental Exploitation License (EEL) to the new JV company (Newco), to be set up to hold the license. This amount is refundable to MATSA pending completion of the license work commitment and approval by the Portuguese Mining Bureau (DGEG).
    3. MATSA must provide 1.2 million euros (approximately CA$1,740,000) for work on the project during the first year after signing of the Definitive Agreement.
    4. MATSA must provide, at its sole discretion, an additional 1.2 million euros for work over the second and third years of the joint venture.
    5. Avrupa will be the operator in this phase of work and will be paid 100,000 euros (approximately CA$145,000) annually as an operator's fee."

The initial CA$580,000 cash payment should be enough for Avrupa to keep the lights on for at least 18 months, as they have low general and administrative (G&A) costs and also receive a CA$145,000 operator's fee. The CA$1.74M should be sufficient to do 4,000m of drilling during the first year. Management feels that thehe upcoming definitive agreement with MATSA will probably be very helpful with the granting of the EEL, or exploration license. Avrupa will form a technical committee with MATSA in order to design and monitor the upcoming drill program, and Avrupa will be the operator. The terms continue:

  • "In order to acquire a further 34% interest in Newco, for a total of 85%—'The Feasibility Study Phase'—MATSA must, at its option:
    1. Provide a 'bankable feasibility study' on one prospect within the Alvalade license. MATSA is responsible for 100% of the costs to produce the feasibility study, including preparation of a NI-43-101-compliant resource estimate;
    2. Fund all necessary success-based payments to Avrupa's previous joint venture partner, Antofagasta Minerals, S.A., as required by the Debt Cancellation Agreement between Avrupa and Antofagasta (see news release of June 19, 2017)."

This is a very interesting paragraph, as a decent BFS for such a project, including the resource estimate, could easily cost CA$25-30M, but it wouldn't cost Avrupa a single dollar. Additional but much cheaper studies like a PEA (preliminary economic assessment/approximately CA$0.3-0.5M), a PFS (preliminary feasibility study/approximately CA$1-2M), and a maiden resource estimate (approximately CA$0.2-0.4M), are planned, and will be funded by MATSA as well. Regarding the last item, the terms with Antofagasta are as follows, according to the June 19, 2017. news release:

"Avrupa has agreed to forgive approximately 160,000 euros in debts, assume a deposit on the project of 75,000 euros, and make the following payments to the initial partner on the project in return for increasing its interest in the project from 40% back to 100%:

  • Cash payment of US$250,000 on the filing of an initial NI-43-101-compliant resource estimate meeting certain minimum criteria;
  • Staged cash payments totaling US$1,000,000 on the completion of a NI-43-101-compliant feasibility study meeting certain minimum criteria; and
  • Staged cash payments totaling US$3,000,000 on the commencement of commercial production from the project."

These terms account for another US$4.25M (CA$5.67M) being paid by JV partner MATSA, so this is another burden removed from Avrupa's back when taking Sesmarias all the way into production.

For construction and production, the JV envisions the following terms:

  • "Project Commitment and Construction Phase:
    1. In conjunction with the completion of the feasibility study, MATSA would be responsible to ensure that the application for a Mining License at Alvalade is completed, as required by Portuguese Mining Law.
    2. During the Construction Phase, Avrupa will have the choice to participate as a 15% shareholder by providing its pro rata share of the necessary funding, or elect to transfer its 15% interest in Newco to MATSA in exchange for staged payments of 10 million euros (approximately CA$14.5 million), as follows:
      1. 3,000,000 euros upon a construction decision being made, and the permits received from the DGEG;
      2. 3,000,000 euros upon commencement of commercial production; and
      3. 4,000,000 euros upon the first anniversary of commercial production.
    3. The remainder of necessary success-based payments to Antofagasta would be borne by the Project, in accordance with the respective holdings in Newco."

The only thing that seemed to be missing is a royalty on the project, as minority partners usually end up with this. Management countered a question I had about this with the following, and in my view, convincing answer: "There is already a steep 4-5% NSR to the government in Portugal. Putting another NSR on top of that makes a project look less palatable, so we decided on cash as a more desirable alternative at the 85-15 decision point. We should know at that time whether we can fund our own way or just step back with a significant cash deposit." Fair enough.

On a final note, according to the news release, completion of the earn-in and joint venture arrangement remains subject to a number of conditions, including finalization of the definitive agreement, issuance of the exploitation permit (advanced stage), and receipt of any required board and/or regulatory approvals. The company was pretty happy with proceedings. Paul Kuhn, president and CEO of Avrupa Minerals, stated, "We are extremely pleased about the forthcoming joint venture at Alvalade. MATSA already mines copper and zinc at three locations in the Iberian Pyrite Belt of Spain, and we look forward to working with them on our Pyrite Belt Project in Portugal. Advancing the Alvalade Project with the strong experience of MATSA will not only allow us to work towards a potential mining solution at Sesmarias, but will also allow us to return to our real strength of project generation in Europe."


Of course, prospect generation is the core strength of Avrupa Minerals, but the trajectory set out in this JV could result in quite a bit of share price appreciation in the long run, as a minimum 25Mt scenario already could generate back-of-the-envelope hypothetical NPVs (net present values) to the tune of hundreds of millions of US dollars at current metal prices. Management, and most likely MATSA, with super giants Mubadala and Trafigura on board, is aiming at even bigger prizes, as a combination of Sesmarias, Lousal and other targets could easily result in 50Mt+ operations—and potentially even much larger, as much of the area hasn't been explored with up to date methods.

For example, old, outdated methods caused Sesmarias to go unnoticed until Kuhn and his team figured out the difficult geological puzzle. Fifteen percent of such a prize would still be a very significant amount for a tiny junior like Avrupa Minerals, as, for example, a modest NPV8 of US$200M would result in a CA$40M share for the company, being a twelvefold from current levels. Of course, this will not be generated overnight, but it gives an indication of potential here. Let's see what the company can accomplish here, after the JV is finalized and drills are turning again. I'm certainly intrigued.

I hope you will find this article interesting and useful, and will have further interest in my upcoming articles on mining. To never miss a thing, please subscribe to my free newsletter on my website, in order to get an email notice of my new articles soon after they are published.

The Critical Investor is a newsletter and comprehensive junior mining platform, providing analysis, blog and newsfeed and all sorts of information about junior mining. The editor is an avid and critical junior mining stock investor from The Netherlands, with an MSc background in construction/project management. Number cruncher at project economics, looking for high quality companies, mostly growth/turnaround/catalyst-driven to avoid too much dependence/influence of long-term commodity pricing/market sentiments, and often looking for long-term deep value. Getting burned in the past himself at junior mining investments by following overly positive sources that more often than not avoided to mention (hidden) risks or critical flaws, The Critical Investor learned his lesson well, and goes a few steps further ever since, providing a fresh, more in-depth, and critical vision on things, hence the name.

The Critical Investor Disclaimer:

The author is not a registered investment advisor, and currently has a long position in this stock. Avrupa Minerals is a sponsoring company. All facts are to be checked by the reader. For more information go to and read the company's profile and official documents on, also for important risk disclosures. This article is provided for information purposes only, and is not intended to be investment advice of any kind, and all readers are encouraged to do their own due diligence, and talk to their own licensed investment advisors prior to making any investment decisions.

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5) From time to time, Streetwise Reports LLC and its directors, officers, employees or members of their families, as well as persons interviewed for articles and interviews on the site, may have a long or short position in securities mentioned. Directors, officers, employees or members of their immediate families are prohibited from making purchases and/or sales of those securities in the open market or otherwise from the time of the interview or the decision to write an article until three business days after the publication of the interview or article. The foregoing prohibition does not apply to articles that in substance only restate previously published company releases. As of the date of this article, officers and/or employees of Streetwise Reports LLC (including members of their household) own securities of Avrupa Minerals, a company mentioned in this article.

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