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Farmer Mac Reports First Quarter 2022 Results

AGM

- Outstanding Business Volume of $24.2 Billion -

WASHINGTON, May 9, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- The Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation (Farmer Mac; NYSE: AGM and AGM.A), the nation's secondary market provider that increases the availability and affordability of credit for the benefit of rural America, today announced its results for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2022.

Farmer Mac Logo (PRNewsFoto/Farmer Mac) (PRNewsfoto/Farmer Mac)

First Quarter 2022 Highlights

  • Added $3.0 billion of gross business volume, resulting in net growth of $628.9 million
  • Net interest income grew $8.6 million year-over-year to $61.9 million
  • Net effective spread1 increased 7% from the prior-year period to $57.8 million and remained 0.97% of the overall portfolio
  • Net income of $41.0 million compared to $28.0 million in first quarter 2021
  • Core earnings1 of $25.8 million, or $2.37 per diluted common share
  • On March 30, 2022, the President of the United States designated Lowell L. Junkins as Chair of Farmer Mac's Board of Direct


1 Non-GAAP Measure

"We are pleased with the consistent results for the first quarter as we continued to successfully execute against our multi-year growth plan," said Brad Nordholm, President & Chief Executive Officer. "Our performance this quarter is particularly noteworthy given the current volatility in the credit markets, inflationary pressures, and the overall rate environment. Our portfolio remained strong and credit performance was stable-to-improving, with 90-day delinquencies and other important credit metrics improving compared to a year ago. We are carefully monitoring the challenging environment for many farmers and ranchers who are managing unprecedented increases in input costs and high volatility in agricultural commodity prices. Despite the related geopolitical challenges, which are having significant impacts across various parts of the economy and certain credit markets, we are well positioned to fulfill our mission, and feel confident about our ability to navigate the current environment and continue to pursue growth opportunities."

$ in thousands, except per share amounts

Quarter Ended

Mar. 31, 2022

Dec. 31, 2021

Mar. 31, 2021

Sequential
% Change

YoY
% Change

Net Change in Business Volume

$628,947

$495,672

$(61,564)

N/A

N/A

Net Interest Income

$61,875

$57,390

$53,251

8%

16%

Net Effective Spread (Non-GAAP)

$57,839

$54,333

$53,859

6%

7%

Diluted EPS (GAAP)

$3.77

$2.75

$2.58

37%

46%

Core EPS (Non-GAAP)

$2.37

$2.76

$2.39

(14)%

(1)%

First Quarter 2022 Results

Spreads

Net interest income for first quarter 2022 was $61.9 million, a $8.6 million increase compared to $53.3 million in the prior-year period, primarily due to a $5.0 million increase from net new business volume, a $2.0 million increase in the fair value of designated financial derivatives, a $0.8 million increase in net coupon yields related to our acquisition, in third quarter 2021, of the loan servicing rights on a sizeable portion of our Farm & Ranch loan and USDA Guaranteed Securities portfolios, and a $0.7 million increase in cash-basis interest income. Net interest yield was 1.00% in first quarter 2022 compared to 0.91% in the prior-year period.

Net effective spread, a non-GAAP measure, for first quarter 2022 was $57.8 million, a $4.0 million increase from $53.9 million in the prior-year period. The $4.0 million year-over-year increase in net effective spread in dollars was primarily due to a $4.4 million increase from net new business volume, a $0.8 million increase in net coupon yields related to the acquisition of loan servicing rights referenced above, and a $0.7 million increase in cash-basis interest income. These factors were partially offset by a $1.7 million increase in non-GAAP funding costs. In percentage terms, net effective spread was 0.97% for both year-over-year periods.

Earnings

Farmer Mac's net income attributable to common stockholders for first quarter 2022 was $41.0 million ($3.77 per diluted common share), compared to $28.0 million ($2.58 per diluted common share) in the prior-year period. The $13.1 million year-over-year increase in net income attributable to common stockholders was due to a $9.3 million after-tax increase in the fair value of undesignated financial derivatives and a $6.8 million after-tax increase in net interest income. These factors were partially offset by a $2.0 million after-tax increase in operating expenses and a $1.5 million increase in preferred stock dividends.

Farmer Mac enters into financial derivatives transactions to hedge interest rate risks inherent in its business and carries its financial derivatives at fair value in its consolidated financial statements. The fair value fluctuations of these financial derivatives are not expected to have a cumulative net impact on Farmer Mac's financial condition or results of operations reported with GAAP if the derivatives are held to maturity, as is expected. Therefore, Farmer Mac uses core earnings, a non-GAAP measure that excludes the effects of fair value fluctuations, as a useful alternative measure to understand the business.

Farmer Mac's core earnings for first quarter 2022 were $25.8 million ($2.37 per diluted common share), compared to $25.9 million ($2.39 per diluted common share) in first quarter 2021. The $0.2 million year-over-year decrease in core earnings was due to the $2.0 million after-tax increase in operating expenses and the $1.5 million increase in preferred stock dividends. These factors were partially offset by a $3.1 million after-tax increase in net effective spread.

Business Volume

Farmer Mac's outstanding business volume was $24.2 billion as of March 31, 2022, a net increase of $0.6 billion from December 31, 2021 after taking into account all new business, maturities, sales, and paydowns on existing assets. The net increase was primarily attributable to net increases of $0.5 billion in the Agricultural Finance line of business and $0.1 billion in the Rural Infrastructure Finance line of business.

The $0.5 billion net increase in Farm & Ranch during first quarter 2022 resulted from $2.5 billion of new purchases, commitments, and guarantees, partially offset by $2.0 billion of scheduled maturities and repayments. Farmer Mac purchased a total of $416.2 million in loans, which was primarily driven by farm real estate acquisitions due to improved borrower economics as well as a competitive, albeit an increasing interest rate environment resulting in demand for intermediate and long-term financing solutions. The $416.2 million in gross Farm & Ranch loan purchases was partially offset by $255.7 million in scheduled maturities and repayments.

Farmer Mac also purchased a total of $1.8 billion in Farm & Ranch AgVantage Securities during first quarter 2022, which primarily reflected the refinancing of maturing securities as well as financial counterparties seeking to add longer term AgVantage securities to manage their asset-liability maturity profile given recent increases in credit spreads and interest rates. The $1.8 billion in gross purchases was partially offset by $1.3 billion in scheduled maturities. Approximately $1.1 billion of the total $1.8 billion in gross purchases reflected purchases that refinanced maturing AgVantage securities and were issued at short-term tenors, which may create volatility in AgVantage volumes throughout the year. However, Farmer Mac does not anticipate a material impact to its net effective spread given the low spread related to these securities due to the short maturities and the credit strength of the counterparties.

The $2.9 million net increase in Corporate AgFinance during first quarter 2022 resulted from $103.4 million of new loan and AgVantage security purchases, which was offset by $100.4 million of scheduled maturities and repayments. Farmer Mac purchased a total of $61.7 million in loans, which was offset by $76.5 million in scheduled maturities and repayments. This net decrease in loans was primarily due to scheduled amortization and prepayments due to strong land values and agricultural incomes.

The $111.2 million net increase in Rural Utilities during first quarter 2022 resulted from $378.0 million of new purchases, commitments, and guarantees, which was partially offset by $266.7 million of scheduled maturities and repayments. Farmer Mac purchased a total of $208.0 million in Rural Utilities loans, which was fueled by a competitive but increasing interest rate environment resulting in demand for long-term financing solutions for planned maintenance and capital expenditures. The $208.0 million in loan purchases was partially offset by $50.7 million in scheduled maturities and repayments.

The $33.8 million net increase in Renewable Energy during first quarter 2022 primarily reflects a $35.0 million commitment to a large solar project being constructed in the southeast United States, consisting of $6.6 million of funded loan purchases (which was partially offset by $1.2 million of other loan repayments) and $28.4 million in unfunded loan commitments expected to be drawn throughout 2022.

Credit

As of March 31, 2022, the total allowance for losses was $16.3 million, compared to $16.4 million as of December 31, 2021. The $0.1 million release from the total allowance for losses in first quarter 2022 was comprised of a $1.0 million release from the Rural Infrastructure Finance portfolio and a $0.9 million provision to the allowance for the Agricultural Finance portfolio. The $1.0 million release from the allowance for the Rural Infrastructure portfolio was primarily attributable to a risk rating upgrade on a single loan related to the borrower's successful securitization of a large payable incurred as a result of the arctic freeze that struck Texas in February 2021, and was partially offset by new loan volume. The $0.9 million provision to the allowance for the Agricultural Finance mortgage loan portfolio was primarily attributable to a risk rating downgrade on a single agricultural storage and processing loan. In addition, there was a $0.1 million charge-off to the allowance related to the foreclosure of two Farm & Ranch loans.

As of March 31, 2022, Farmer Mac's 90-day delinquencies were $55.8 million (0.57% of the Agricultural Finance Mortgage Loan portfolio), compared to $72.3 million (0.84% of the Agricultural Finance Mortgage Loan portfolio) as of March 31, 2021. Across all of Farmer Mac's lines of business, 90-day delinquencies represented 0.23% of total outstanding business volume as of March 31, 2022, compared to 0.33% as of March 31, 2021.

Capital

As of March 31, 2022, Farmer Mac's core capital level was $1.2 billion, $488.7 million above the minimum capital level required by the Company's statutory charter. Farmer Mac's Tier 1 capital ratio was 15.0% as of March 31, 2022.

Earnings Conference Call Information

The conference call to discuss Farmer Mac's first quarter 2022 financial results will be held beginning at 4:30 p.m. eastern time on Monday, May 9, 2022, and can be accessed by telephone or live webcast as follows:

Telephone (Domestic): (888) 346-2616
Telephone (International): (412) 902-4254
Webcast: https://www.farmermac.com/investors/events-presentations/

When dialing in to the call, please ask for the "Farmer Mac Earnings Conference Call." The call can be heard live and will also be available for replay on Farmer Mac's website for two weeks following the conclusion of the call.

More complete information about Farmer Mac's performance for first quarter 2022 is in Farmer Mac's Annual Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2022, filed today with the SEC.

Use of Non-GAAP Measures

In the accompanying analysis of its financial information, Farmer Mac uses the following non-GAAP measures: "core earnings," "core earnings per share," and "net effective spread." Farmer Mac uses these non-GAAP measures to measure corporate economic performance and develop financial plans because, in management's view, they are useful alternative measures in understanding Farmer Mac's economic performance, transaction economics, and business trends. The non-GAAP financial measures that Farmer Mac uses may not be comparable to similarly labeled non-GAAP financial measures disclosed by other companies. Farmer Mac's disclosure of these non-GAAP measures is intended to be supplemental in nature and is not meant to be considered in isolation from, as a substitute for, or as more important than, the related financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP.

Core earnings and core earnings per share principally differ from net income attributable to common stockholders and earnings per common share, respectively, by excluding the effects of fair value fluctuations. These fluctuations are not expected to have a cumulative net impact on Farmer Mac's financial condition or results of operations reported in accordance with GAAP if the related financial instruments are held to maturity, as is expected.

Core earnings and core earnings per share also differ from net income attributable to common stockholders and earnings per common share, respectively, by excluding specified infrequent or unusual transactions that Farmer Mac believes are not indicative of future operating results and that may not reflect the trends and economic financial performance of Farmer Mac's core business. For example, we have excluded from core earnings losses on retirement of preferred stock and the re-measurement of the deferred tax asset.

Farmer Mac uses net effective spread to measure the net spread Farmer Mac earns between its interest-earning assets and the related net funding costs of these assets. Net effective spread differs from net interest income and net interest yield because it excludes: (1) the amortization of premiums and discounts on assets consolidated at fair value that are amortized as adjustments to yield in interest income over the contractual or estimated remaining lives of the underlying assets; (2) interest income and interest expense related to consolidated trusts with beneficial interests owned by third parties, which are presented on Farmer Mac's consolidated balance sheets as "Loans held for investment in consolidated trusts, at amortized cost"; and (3) the fair value changes of financial derivatives and the corresponding assets or liabilities designated in a fair value hedge accounting relationship.

Net effective spread also principally differs from net interest income and net interest yield because it includes: (1) the accrual of income and expense related to the contractual amounts due on financial derivatives that are not designated in hedge accounting relationships ("undesignated financial derivatives"); and (2) the net effects of terminations or net settlements on financial derivatives. More information about Farmer Mac's use of non-GAAP measures is available in "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Results of Operations" in Farmer Mac's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed February 28, 2022 with the SEC.

For a reconciliation of Farmer Mac's net income attributable to common stockholders to core earnings and of earnings per common share to core earnings per share, and net interest income and net interest yield to net effective spread, see "Reconciliations" below.

Forward-Looking Statements

Management's expectations for Farmer Mac's future necessarily involve assumptions and estimates and the evaluation of risks and uncertainties. Various factors or events, both known and unknown, could cause Farmer Mac's actual results to differ materially from the expectations as expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements in this release, including uncertainties about:

  • the availability to Farmer Mac of debt and equity financing and, if available, the reasonableness of rates and terms;
  • legislative or regulatory developments that could affect Farmer Mac, its sources of business, or agricultural or rural infrastructure industries;
  • fluctuations in the fair value of assets held by Farmer Mac and its subsidiaries;
  • the level of lender interest in Farmer Mac's products and the secondary market provided by Farmer Mac;
  • the general rate of growth in agricultural mortgage and rural utilities indebtedness;
  • the effect of economic conditions and geopolitics on agricultural mortgage or rural utilities lending, borrower repayment capacity, or collateral values, including fluctuations in interest rates, changes in U.S. trade policies, fluctuations in export demand for U.S. agricultural products, supply chain disruptions, increases in input costs, labor availability, volatility in commodity prices, and the effects of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine;
  • the degree to which Farmer Mac is exposed to interest rate risk resulting from fluctuations in Farmer Mac's borrowing costs relative to market indexes;
  • developments in the financial markets, including possible investor, analyst, and rating agency reactions to events involving government-sponsored enterprises, including Farmer Mac;
  • the effects of the Federal Reserve's efforts to achieve monetary policy normalization and slow inflation;
  • other factors that could hinder agricultural mortgage lending or borrower repayment capacity, including the effects of severe weather, climate change, or fluctuations in agricultural real estate values;
  • the duration, spread, and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects on the business operations of agricultural and rural borrowers, the capital markets, and Farmer Mac's business operations; and
  • the public response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, including the possibility of government actions to mitigate the pandemic and its effects, and any social or economic disruption that may be caused by any new COVID-19 variants or any further outbreaks.

Other risk factors are discussed in "Risk Factors" in Part I, Item 1A in Farmer Mac's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, as filed with the SEC on February 28, 2022. Considering these potential risks and uncertainties, no undue reliance should be placed on any forward-looking statements expressed in this release. The forward-looking statements contained in this release represent management's expectations as of the date of this release. Farmer Mac undertakes no obligation to release publicly the results of revisions to any forward-looking statements included in this release to reflect new information or any future events or circumstances, except as otherwise required by applicable law. The information in this release is not necessarily indicative of future results.

About Farmer Mac

Farmer Mac is a vital part of the agricultural credit markets and was created to increase access to and reduce the cost of credit for the benefit of American agricultural and rural communities. As the nation's secondary market for agricultural credit, we provide financial solutions to a broad spectrum of the agricultural community, including agricultural lenders, agribusinesses, and other institutions that can benefit from access to flexible, low-cost financing and risk management tools. Farmer Mac's customers benefit from our low cost of funds, low overhead costs, and high operational efficiency. More information about Farmer Mac (including the Annual Report on Form 10-K referenced above) is available on Farmer Mac's website at www.farmermac.com.

FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL MORTGAGE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited)



As of


March 31, 2022


December 31, 2021


(in thousands)

Assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$ 890,046


$ 908,785

Investment securities:




Available-for-sale, at fair value (amortized cost of $4,258,227 and $3,834,714, respectively)

4,195,314


3,836,391

Held-to-maturity, at amortized cost

44,970


44,970

Other investments

1,504


1,229

Total Investment Securities

4,241,788


3,882,590

Farmer Mac Guaranteed Securities:




Available-for-sale, at fair value (amortized cost of $6,672,894 and $6,135,807, respectively)

6,600,246


6,328,559

Held-to-maturity, at amortized cost

1,906,218


2,033,239

Total Farmer Mac Guaranteed Securities

8,506,464


8,361,798

USDA Securities:




Trading, at fair value

3,386


4,401

Held-to-maturity, at amortized cost

2,436,103


2,436,331

Total USDA Securities

2,439,489


2,440,732

Loans:




Loans held for sale, at lower of cost or fair value

9,000


Loans held for investment, at amortized cost

8,481,310


8,314,096

Loans held for investment in consolidated trusts, at amortized cost

888,200


948,623

Allowance for losses

(13,570)


(14,041)

Total loans, net of allowance

9,364,940


9,248,678

Financial derivatives, at fair value

26,329


19,139

Interest receivable (includes $5,679 and $10,418, respectively, related to consolidated trusts)

148,228


177,355

Guarantee and commitment fees receivable

45,021


45,538

Deferred tax asset, net

24,910


15,558

Prepaid expenses and other assets

102,199


45,318

Total Assets

$ 25,789,414


$ 25,145,491





Liabilities and Equity:




Liabilities:




Notes payable

$ 23,039,967


$ 22,716,156

Debt securities of consolidated trusts held by third parties

895,145


981,379

Financial derivatives, at fair value

105,574


34,248

Accrued interest payable (includes $4,724 and $9,619, respectively, related to consolidated trusts)

89,761


83,992

Guarantee and commitment obligation

43,285


43,926

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

420,998


79,427

Reserve for losses

1,840


1,950

Total Liabilities

24,596,570


23,941,078

Commitments and Contingencies




Equity:




Preferred stock:




Series C, par value $25 per share, 3,000,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding

73,382


73,382

Series D, par value $25 per share, 4,000,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding

96,659


96,659

Series E, par value $25 per share, 3,180,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding

77,003


77,003

Series F, par value $25 per share, 4,800,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding

116,160


116,160

Series G, par value $25 per share, 5,000,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding

121,327


121,327

Common stock:




Class A Voting, $1 par value, no maximum authorization, 1,030,780 shares outstanding

1,031


1,031

Class B Voting, $1 par value, no maximum authorization, 500,301 shares outstanding

500


500

Class C Non-Voting, $1 par value, no maximum authorization, 9,256,596 shares and 9,235,205 shares outstanding, respectively

9,257


9,235

Additional paid-in capital

127,103


125,993

Accumulated other comprehensive (loss)/income, net of tax

(39,665)


3,853

Retained earnings

610,087


579,270

Total Equity

1,192,844


1,204,413

Total Liabilities and Equity

$ 25,789,414


$ 25,145,491

FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL MORTGAGE CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited)



For the Three Months Ended


March 31, 2022


March 31, 2021


(in thousands, except per share amounts)

Interest income:




Investments and cash equivalents

$ 5,716


$ 5,529

Farmer Mac Guaranteed Securities and USDA Securities

39,257


42,404

Loans

67,247


59,494

Total interest income

112,220


107,427

Total interest expense

50,345


54,176

Net interest income

61,875


53,251

Provision for losses

(56)


(913)

Net interest income after provision for losses

61,819


52,338

Non-interest income/(expense):




Guarantee and commitment fees

3,695


3,030

Gains on financial derivatives

16,074


4,293

Losses on trading securities

(63)


(13)

Release of reserve for losses

110


944

Other income

675


583

Non-interest income

20,491


8,837

Operating expenses:




Compensation and employee benefits

13,298


11,795

General and administrative

7,278


6,336

Regulatory fees

812


750

Operating expenses

21,388


18,881

Income before income taxes

60,922


42,294

Income tax expense

13,085


9,067

Net income

47,837


33,227

Preferred stock dividends

(6,791)


(5,269)

Net income attributable to common stockholders

$ 41,046


$ 27,958





Earnings per common share:




Basic earnings per common share

$ 3.81


$ 2.60

Diluted earnings per common share

$ 3.77


$ 2.58

Reconciliations

Reconciliations of Farmer Mac's net income attributable to common stockholders to core earnings and core earnings per share are presented in the following tables along with information about the composition of core earnings for the periods indicated:

Reconciliation of Net Income Attributable to Common Stockholders to Core Earnings


For the Three Months Ended


March 31, 2022


December 31, 2021


March 31, 2021


(in thousands, except per share amounts)

Net income attributable to common stockholders

$ 41,046


$ 29,892


$ 27,958

Less reconciling items:






Gains/(losses) on undesignated financial derivatives due to fair value changes

1,698


(1,213)


1,695

Gains/(losses) on hedging activities due to fair value changes

2,024


1,476


(271)

Unrealized gains/(losses) on trading assets

94


(76)


(14)

Net effects of amortization of premiums/discounts and deferred gains on assets consolidated at fair value

20


71


16

Net effects of terminations or net settlements on financial derivatives

15,512


(429)


1,165

Income tax effect related to reconciling items

(4,063)


36


(544)

Sub-total

15,285


(135)


2,047

Core earnings

$ 25,761


$ 30,027


$ 25,911







Composition of Core Earnings:






Revenues:






Net effective spread(1)

$ 57,839


$ 54,333


$ 53,859

Guarantee and commitment fees(2)

4,557


4,637


4,240

Gain on sale of mortgage loans


6,539


Other(3)

514


241


451

Total revenues

62,910


65,750


58,550







Credit related expense (GAAP):






Release of losses

(54)


(1,428)


(31)

Total credit related expense

(54)


(1,428)


(31)







Operating expenses (GAAP):






Compensation and employee benefits

13,298


11,246


11,795

General and administrative

7,278


8,492


6,336

Regulatory fees

812


812


750

Total operating expenses

21,388


20,550


18,881







Net earnings

41,576


46,628


39,700

Income tax expense(4)

9,024


9,809


8,520

Preferred stock dividends (GAAP)

6,791


6,792


5,269

Core earnings

$ 25,761


$ 30,027


$ 25,911







Core earnings per share:






Basic

$ 2.39


$ 2.79


$ 2.41

Diluted

2.37


2.76


2.39



(1)

Net effective spread is a non-GAAP measure. See "Use of Non-GAAP Measures" above for an explanation of net effective spread. See below for a reconciliation of net interest income to net effective spread.

(2)

Includes interest income and interest expense related to consolidated trusts owned by third parties reclassified from net interest income to guarantee and commitment fees to reflect management's view that the net interest income Farmer Mac earns is effectively a guarantee fee on the consolidated Farmer Mac Guaranteed Securities.

(3)

Reflects reconciling adjustments for the reclassification to exclude expenses related to interest rate swaps not designated as hedges and terminations or net settlements on financial derivatives, and reconciling adjustments to exclude fair value adjustments on financial derivatives and trading assets and the recognition of deferred gains over the estimated lives of certain Farmer Mac Guaranteed Securities and USDA Securities.

(4)

Includes the tax impact of non-GAAP reconciling items between net income attributable to common stockholders and core earnings.

Reconciliation of GAAP Basic Earnings Per Share to Core Earnings Basic Earnings Per Share


For the Three Months Ended


March 31,
2022


December 31,
2021


March 31,
2021


(in thousands, except per share amounts)

GAAP - Basic EPS

$ 3.81


$ 2.78


$ 2.60

Less reconciling items:






Gains/(losses) on undesignated financial derivatives due to fair value changes

0.16


(0.11)


0.16

Gains/(losses) on hedging activities due to fair value changes

0.19


0.14


(0.03)

Unrealized gains/(losses) on trading securities

0.01


(0.01)


Net effects of amortization of premiums/discounts and deferred gains on assets consolidated at fair value


0.01


Net effects of terminations or net settlements on financial derivatives

1.44


(0.04)


0.11

Income tax effect related to reconciling items

(0.38)



(0.05)

Sub-total

1.42


(0.01)


0.19

Core Earnings - Basic EPS

$ 2.39


$ 2.79


$ 2.41







Shares used in per share calculation (GAAP and Core Earnings)

10,767


10,766


10,738













Reconciliation of GAAP Diluted Earnings Per Share to Core Earnings Diluted Earnings Per Share


For the Three Months Ended


March 31,
2022


December 31,
2021


March 31,
2021


(in thousands, except per share amounts)

GAAP - Diluted EPS

$ 3.77


$ 2.75


$ 2.58

Less reconciling items:






Gains/(losses) on undesignated financial derivatives due to fair value changes

0.16


(0.11)


0.16

Gains/(losses) on hedging activities due to fair value changes

0.19


0.14


(0.03)

Unrealized gains/(losses) on trading securities

0.01


(0.01)


Net effects of amortization of premiums/discounts and deferred gains on assets consolidated at fair value


0.01


Net effects of terminations or net settlements on financial derivatives

1.42


(0.04)


0.11

Income tax effect related to reconciling items

(0.38)



(0.05)

Sub-total

1.40


(0.01)


0.19

Core Earnings - Diluted EPS

$ 2.37


$ 2.76


$ 2.39







Shares used in per share calculation (GAAP and Core Earnings)

10,887


10,877


10,819

The following table presents a reconciliation of net interest income and net yield to net effective spread for the periods indicated:

Reconciliation of GAAP Net Interest Income/Yield to Net Effective Spread


For the Three Months Ended


March 31, 2022


December 31, 2021


March 31, 2021


Dollars


Yield


Dollars


Yield


Dollars


Yield


(dollars in thousands)

Net interest income/yield

$ 61,875


1.00 %


$ 57,390


0.95 %


$ 53,251


0.91 %

Net effects of consolidated trusts

(1,018)


0.02 %


(1,151)


0.02 %


(1,210)


0.03 %

Expense related to undesignated financial derivatives

(994)


(0.02) %


(313)


— %


2,068


0.04 %

Amortization of premiums/discounts on assets consolidated at fair value

(16)


— %


(10)


— %


(8)


— %

Amortization of losses due to terminations or net settlements on financial derivatives

356


0.01 %


200


— %


103


— %

Fair value changes on fair value hedge relationships

(2,364)


(0.04) %


(1,783)


(0.03) %


(345)


(0.01) %

Net effective spread

$ 57,839


0.97 %


$ 54,333


0.94 %


$ 53,859


0.97 %

The following table presents core earnings for Farmer Mac's reportable operating segments and a reconciliation to consolidated net income for the three months ended March 31, 2022:

Core Earnings by Business Segment

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022


Agricultural Finance


Rural Infrastructure


Treasury


Corporate






Farm &
Ranch


Corporate
AgFinance


Rural

Utilities


Renewable
Energy


Funding


Investments



Reconciling

Adjustments


Consolidated
Net Income


(in thousands)

Net interest income

$ 31,354


$ 7,209


$ 3,193


$ 375


$ 19,740


$ 4


$ —


$ —


$ 61,875

Less: reconciling adjustments(1)(2)(3)

(1,000)



(34)



(3,002)




4,036


Net effective spread

30,354


7,209


3,159


375


16,738


4



4,036


Guarantee and commitment fees

4,216


19


286


36





(862)


3,695

Other income/(expense)(3)

400


114







16,172


16,686

Total revenues

34,970


7,342


3,445


411


16,738


4



19,346


82,256



















(Provision for)/release of losses

(510)


(515)


1,169


(202)



2




(56)



















Release of reserve for losses

75



35







110

Operating expenses







(21,388)



(21,388)

Total non-interest expense

75



35





(21,388)



(21,278)

Core earnings before income taxes

34,535


6,827


4,649


209


16,738


6


(21,388)


19,346

(4)

60,922

Income tax (expense)/benefit

(7,252)


(1,434)


(976)


(44)


(3,515)


(1)


4,198


(4,061)


(13,085)

Core earnings before preferred stock dividends

27,283


5,393


3,673


165


13,223


5


(17,190)


15,285

(4)

47,837

Preferred stock dividends







(6,791)



(6,791)

Segment core earnings/(losses)

$ 27,283


$ 5,393


$ 3,673


$ 165


$ 13,223


$ 5


$ (23,981)


$ 15,285

(4)

$ 41,046



















Total Assets

$ 13,610,138


$ 1,491,127


$ 5,480,668


$ 92,132


$ —


$ 4,995,154


$ 120,195


$ —


25,789,414

Total on- and off-balance sheet program assets
at principal balance

$ 16,575,595


$ 1,540,760


$ 6,006,446


$ 120,609


$ —


$ —


$ —


$ —


24,243,410



(1)

Includes the amortization of premiums and discounts on assets consolidated at fair value, originally included in interest income, to reflect core earnings amounts.

(2)

Includes the reclassification of interest income and interest expense from consolidated trusts owned by third parties to guarantee and commitment fees, to reflect management's view that the net interest income Farmer Mac earns is effectively a guarantee fee.

(3)

Includes the reclassification of interest expense related to interest rate swaps not designated as hedges, which are included in "Gains on financial derivatives" on the consolidated financial statements, to determine the effective funding cost for each operating segment.

(4)

Net adjustments to reconcile to the corresponding income measures: core earnings before income taxes reconciled to income before income taxes; core earnings before preferred stock dividends reconciled to net income; and segment core earnings reconciled to net income attributable to common stockholders.

Supplemental Information

The following table sets forth information about outstanding volume in each of Farmer Mac's lines of business as of the dates indicated:

Outstanding Business Volume



On or Off

Balance Sheet


As of March 31,
2022


As of December 31,
2021





(in thousands)

Agricultural Finance:







Farm & Ranch:







Loans


On-balance sheet


$ 4,935,566


$ 4,775,070

Loans held in consolidated trusts:







Beneficial interests owned by third-party investors


On-balance sheet


888,200


948,623

IO-FMGS(1)


On-balance sheet


11,919


12,297

USDA Securities


On-balance sheet


2,440,807


2,445,806

AgVantage Securities


On-balance sheet


5,155,000


4,725,000

LTSPCs and unfunded commitments


Off-balance sheet


2,578,330


2,587,154

Farmer Mac Guaranteed Securities


Off-balance sheet


544,484


578,358

Loans serviced for others


Off-balance sheet


21,289


22,331

Total Farm & Ranch




$ 16,575,595


$ 16,094,639

Corporate AgFinance:







Loans


On-balance sheet


$ 1,108,463


$ 1,123,300

AgVantage Securities


On-balance sheet


375,262


367,464

Unfunded Loan Commitments


Off-balance sheet


57,035


47,070

Total Corporate AgFinance




$ 1,540,760


$ 1,537,834

Total Agricultural Finance




$ 18,116,355


$ 17,632,473

Rural Infrastructure Finance:







Rural Utilities:







Loans


On-balance sheet


$ 2,459,605


$ 2,302,373

AgVantage Securities


On-balance sheet


3,009,881


3,033,262

LTSPCs and Unfunded Loan Commitments


Off-balance sheet


534,205


556,837

Farmer Mac Guaranteed Securities


Off-balance sheet


2,755


2,755

Total Rural Utilities




$ 6,006,446


$ 5,895,227

Renewable Energy:







Loans


On-balance sheet


$ 92,246


$ 86,763

Unfunded Loan Commitments


Off-balance sheet


28,363


Total Renewable Energy




$ 120,609


$ 86,763

Total Rural Infrastructure Finance




$ 6,127,055


$ 5,981,990

Total




$ 24,243,410


$ 23,614,463



(1)

An interest-only Farmer Mac Guaranteed Security retained as part of a structured securitization.

The following table presents the quarterly net effective spread (a non-GAAP measure) by segment:


Net Effective Spread(1)


Agricultural Finance


Rural Infrastructure Finance


Treasury






Farm & Ranch


Corporate
AgFinance


Rural Utilities


Renewable
Energy


Funding


Investments


Net Effective
Spread


Dollars


Yield


Dollars


Yield


Dollars


Yield


Dollars


Yield


Dollars


Yield


Dollars


Yield


Dollars


Yield


(dollars in thousands)

For the quarter ended:




























March 31, 2022(2)

$ 30,354


1.02 %


$ 7,209


1.96 %


$ 3,159


0.23 %


$ 375


1.69 %


$ 16,738


0.28 %


$ 4


— %


$ 57,839


0.97 %

December 31, 2021

28,998


0.99 %


6,321


1.84 %


2,521


0.19 %


356


1.53 %


15,979


0.28 %


158


0.01 %


54,333


0.94 %

September 30, 2021

28,914


1.06 %


7,163


1.80 %


2,067


0.16 %


236


1.09 %


17,386


0.31 %


159


0.01 %


55,925


0.99 %

June 30, 2021

29,163


1.06 %


6,676


1.65 %


1,759


0.14 %


378


1.80 %


18,449


0.33 %


126


0.01 %


56,551


1.01 %

March 31, 2021

26,461


0.98 %


6,921


1.67 %


1,720


0.14 %


249


1.28 %


18,394


0.33 %


114


0.01 %


53,859


0.97 %

December 31, 2020

25,596


0.95 %


6,237


1.53 %


1,838


0.15 %


123


1.20 %


20,585


0.37 %


143


0.01 %


54,522


0.98 %

September 30, 2020

23,735


0.89 %


5,786


1.45 %


2,022


0.16 %


75


1.19 %


20,034


0.37 %


150


0.01 %


51,802


0.96 %

June 30, 2020

21,597


0.83 %


4,997


1.36 %


1,701


0.14 %


47


0.93 %


19,449


0.37 %


(1,322)


(0.13) %


46,469


0.89 %

March 31, 2020

19,230


0.76 %


4,421


1.32 %


1,315


0.11 %


58


1.51 %


19,150


0.39 %


(11)


— %


44,163


0.89 %



(1)

Farmer Mac excludes the Corporate segment in the presentation above because the segment does not have any interest-earning assets.

(2)

See above for a reconciliation of GAAP net interest income by line of business to net effective spread by line of business for the three months ended March 31, 2022.

The following table presents quarterly core earnings reconciled to net income attributable to common stockholders:


Core Earnings by Quarter Ended


March
2022


December
2021


September
2021


June
2021


March
2021


December
2020


September
2020


June
2020


March
2020


(in thousands)

Revenues:


















Net effective spread

$ 57,839


$ 54,333


$ 55,925


$ 56,551


$ 53,859


$ 54,522


$ 51,802


$ 46,469


$ 44,163

Guarantee and commitment fees

4,557


4,637


4,322


4,334


4,240


4,652


4,659


4,943


4,896

Gain on sale of mortgage loans


6,539








Other

514


241


687


301


451


512


453


1,048


674

Total revenues

62,910


65,750


60,934


61,186


58,550


59,686


56,914


52,460


49,733



















Credit related expense/(income):


















(Release of)/provision for losses

(54)


(1,428)


255


(983)


(31)


2,973


1,200


51


3,831

REO operating expenses









Losses/(gains) on sale of REO






22




(485)

Total credit related expense/(income)

(54)


(1,428)


255


(983)


(31)


2,995


1,200


51


3,346



















Operating expenses:


















Compensation and employee benefits

13,298


11,246


10,027


9,779


11,795


9,497


8,791


8,087


10,127

General and administrative

7,278


8,492


6,330


6,349


6,336


6,274


5,044


5,295


5,363

Regulatory fees

812


812


750


750


750


750


725


725


725

Total operating expenses

21,388


20,550


17,107


16,878


18,881


16,521


14,560


14,107


16,215



















Net earnings

41,576


46,628


43,572


45,291


39,700


40,170


41,154


38,302


30,172

Income tax expense

9,024


9,809


9,152


9,463


8,520


8,470


8,297


8,016


6,598

Preferred stock dividends

6,791


6,792


6,774


5,842


5,269


5,269


5,166


3,939


3,431

Core earnings

$ 25,761


$ 30,027


$ 27,646


$ 29,986


$ 25,911


$ 26,431


$ 27,691


$ 26,347


$ 20,143



















Reconciling items:


















Gains/(losses) on undesignated financial derivatives due to fair value changes

$ 1,698


$ (1,213)


$ (1,864)


$ (3,721)


$ 1,695


$ (1,758)


$ (4,149)


$ 8,700


$ (6,484)

Gains/(losses) on hedging activities due to fair value changes

2,024


1,476


(2,093)


(2,097)


(271)


3,827


(5,245)


(2,676)


(5,925)

Unrealized gains/(losses) on trading assets

94


(76)


36


(61)


(14)


223


(258)


(20)


106

Net effects of amortization of premiums/discounts and deferred gains on assets consolidated at fair value

20


71


23


20


16


(77)


97


35


3

Net effects of terminations or net settlements on financial derivatives

15,512


(429)


(351)


109


1,165


1,583


233


720


(1,300)

Issuance costs on the retirement of preferred stock







(1,667)



Income tax effect related to reconciling items

(4,063)


36


892


1,208


(544)


(798)


1,957


(1,419)


2,856

Net income attributable to common stockholders

$ 41,046


$ 29,892


$ 24,289


$ 25,444


$ 27,958


$ 29,431


$ 18,659


$ 31,687


$ 9,399

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SOURCE Farmer Mac